First Graders and the Drinking Bird: A Love Story


First Graders & the Drinking Bird: A Love Story - Educational Innovations Blogby John Frassinelli

Having first seen a “drinking bird” in elementary school myself, I had never forgotten it.  Our teacher, I think, had placed one on the windowsill.  We had no air conditioning in those days, and the windows actually opened!  Air circulated through the room, and that probably influenced the bird.  I think it’s too bad that many classrooms are hermetically sealed these days, but we do what we can.

Recently I decided to introduce my first graders to my old friend, the Drinking Bird.   I bought a few birds and fooled around with them, making sure each one would “drink” as it was supposed to.  I learned that some birds need a bit of adjustment—their centers of mass might be too high or too low.  But this is easily remedied by gently twisting the bird’s body and raising (or lowering) it on its metal clasp.

So, when all was ready, I gathered my first graders on our carpet and gently placed the bird’s “beak” into the water.  With my index finger, I dipped several drops of water onto the back of the bird’s felt head.  Before long, he began drinking.  That first drink is always special for the kids, because the slow-rising liquid causes the bird’s head to bob.  This teases the children, which they love.  And finally it drinks!

First Graders & the Drinking Bird: A Love Story - Educational Innovations Blog

As the Drinking Bird’s beak continues to bob in and out of the water, we talk about “evaporation.”  All the six-year-olds seem to have an idea or an experience about that.  They mention a mud puddle on the playground that dries up on a sunny day… the driveway that returns to “normal” after a rainstorm… and clothes drying on the clothesline (for those whose mothers still do such things!).

To demonstrate that evaporation is a cooling process, we ask for volunteers for an evaporation experiment.  Someone is always ready, so I place a cotton ball in some water and then lightly rub the damp cotton on the child’s forearm.  “How do you feel?”   “Cold!”

We try to lead the kiddos to see that, as the water on the arm turns to gas, it takes something with it.  What does it take?  As it evaporates, each droplet of water removes some heat.  During summer, even if it’s 100 degrees (and it often is here in Memphis), a child will quickly be looking for a towel when he or she climbs out of the pool, especially if the wind is blowing.  The wind helps the water to evaporate from our skin, hair, and bathing suits.  And it takes away heat!  So, of course we feel cold.

On the second day of our classroom Drinking Bird adventure, each group of two or three children receives their own Drinking Bird.  After it begins to drink, we count the number of drinks that occur in three minutes.  We record our information in a data table.  And we remind the kiddos about the swimming pool, the towel, and how they feel cold when they get out of the water.

First Graders & the Drinking Bird: A Love Story - Educational Innovations Blog

We repeat the experiment.  We set the timer for another three minutes, but this time the children are given an index card with instructions to “fan the bird.”  No touching!

Might this affect the frequency of drinking?  The kids are delighted to find that it does!  They count the drinks enthusiastically.  I don’t think I’ve ever seen a situation where the frequency of drinking hasn’t increased with fanning.  Here are some actual data from one of my classes:

TEAM

NO FAN WITH FAN

1

8 16
2 12

21

3

15 36

4

6

10

5 5

11

6

10

30

7 10

20

As you can see, the results of our little experiment were consistent and (I think) fairly impressive from a statistical standpoint.  As a class, our un-fanned birds totaled 66 drinks in three minutes; our fanned birds totaled 144.  That’s an increase of 218%!

I’ve often thought that, if I ever teach high school science again, I would do this same experiment and throw in a variable or two.  But with my first graders, we sort of automatically had some constants and controls: the birds, the experimenters, the time of day, the duration of the experiment, and so on.  Plus, it’s just plain fun!  The birds look a little silly, provide everyone with an excuse to giggle, and teach a bit of science.  What could be better?

First Graders & the Drinking Bird: A Love Story - Educational Innovations Blog

 

Author’s Note: This is my 33rd year of teaching.  I presently teach elementary science in grades 1, 2, 3, and 4.  Before that, I taught middle school science and math for 18 years, and high school physical science, physics, and environmental chemistry for six years.  I was pretty happy teaching high school when the offer came to teach elementary.  At first, I didn’t even consider it.  But as a few weeks passed, I thought of what a great adventure it might be.  And it has been!   I have also taught for the University of Mississippi at Rainwater Observatory (“Astronomy for Teachers”) and offer occasional workshops and summer camps.   The time has passed very quickly!  The younger kids are absolute sweetie-pies and just love science.  If you’re willing to roll with it, be a little silly, develop some patience, and work hard, it’s quite rewarding.  I also have a website for my students & parents, www.lausannescience.com.   Thanks for reading!

 

 

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Forces and Motion Lesson


Lesson - Educational Innovations Blog

Through the years, we’ve seen teaching trends come and go… but one thing hasn’t changed: students LOVE anything related to balloons and rockets.  (So do we.)  And when you’re talking about rockets, you’re talking about forces and motion!

Take a look at this free lesson on forces and motion.  We’re using balloons as our rocket “engines” to power these simple cars.  The activity is basic enough to work with younger students, and can easily be augmented for a more advanced group.  This lesson invites all kinds of variations.  You might say the sky’s the limit!

Click on the image below for a full-size, full-color PDF of this easy-to-implement forces and motion lesson.  Enjoy!

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Forces and Motion Discussion Starters


Discussion Starters - Educational Innovations NewsletterForces and motion are all around us.  You might even say they make the world go ’round.  In 1687 Isaac Newton attempted to explain the movements of everything in the universe—from a pea rolling on a plate to the position of the planets.  It’s staggering to think about how much of our daily life involves some aspect of Newton’s Laws of Motion.

This is one science topic that can be easily approached by using examples from our collective life experiences.  Starting a discussion about forces and motion with your students is easy.  All you have to do is drop a feather…  nudge a toy car forward… pull open a door.

We’ve put together a collection of interesting topics and interactive games that you can use to get a conversation going with your students.  Let us know what you think in the comments below!

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Forces and Motion TV


EI TV - Educational Innovations BlogNo matter what grade you teach, at some point you will surely need to introduce your students to the three Laws of Motion developed by Sir Isaac Newton in 1687.  His Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica took Newton two years to write and was the culmination of more than 20 years of thinking.

That was more than 300 years ago.  Today, we live in the YouTube era.  Videos allow us to quickly summarize important scientific concepts like forces and motion in dramatic ways that your students will understand and remember.  We’ve gathered some excellent examples here.  Enjoy!  

If you find a video on forces and motion that you’d like to share with us, please leave a comment!

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Forces and Motion in the News


latino-professor-newspaperYou can’t talk about forces and motion without talking about Isaac Newton.  His three Laws of Motion were published more than 300 years ago, and yet their basic concepts—inertia, acceleration, momentum, and mass—are still the standard for how we discuss forces and motion today.  The laws may have been refined over the years (most famously by Einstein) but they still reign as incontrovertible scientific laws.  We couldn’t send the Hubble Space Telescope into orbit without Newton.

While there may not be much NEW about Newton’s Laws, there is still plenty to say about how they affect the world around us.  Read on for some interesting news reports related to forces and motion.  Let us know if you find an article you’d like us to post!

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